Personal Area Networks (PAN) are micro networks for personal communication. The components of a Personal
Area Network are located within a room or at a short distance from each other. PAN network structures can involve the connection of peripheral devices to a computer or the coupling of external input devices and the networking of several personal computers
(PCs). Personal Area Networks are also found ineHealth in home patient monitoring, home health or telehealth
, wherethe patient measures his medical data and transmits the readings
tothe doctor's office or hospital via
. PANs can operate both wired and wireless.
Well-known wireless PANs include the Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN), Bluetooth and Infrared Data Association (IrDA), but also ZigBee and the proprietary ANT+.