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power LED

The rapid development of light-emitting diodes has produced light-intensive power LEDs that consume several watts of electrical power. Thanks to their luminous intensity, these power LEDs, which can also be combined to form LED arrays, are used for LED lighting in buildings, in LED projectors, as LED spots and in LED spotlights, as well as in traffic and signal technology and for street lighting.

High-power LEDs operate at operating voltages of 3 V currents of 2 A and above, which must be provided by the driver circuits. The main difference from energy-saving lamps is that light-emitting diodes are point sources whose light emission is concentrated on an area of only 1 sq. mm. This means that they have a high luminance in point form, which is best distributed by a diffuser in front of them. The point-shaped brightness, which relates to a small emission area, is also referred to as lumen density: lumens per square millimeter.

Power-LED, Photo: Light-my-House

Power-LED, Photo: Light-my-House

The advantages of Power-LEDs compared to conventional light sources are their space-saving design and the enormous luminous efficacy, which reaches peak values of 250 lm/W(lumens per watt). In terms of the brightness of the power LEDs, a distinction is made between high brightness LEDs (HB-LED) and ultra high brightness LEDs( UHB-LED). The latter achieve brightness values of over 4,000 lumens (lm) at a color temperature of 6,500 K. There are also Power LEDs as White LEDs(WLED) with different shades of white; in cool white and neutral white, which are suitable for office and indoor lighting.

The power LED as a means of lighting

Compared with the power LED, whose luminous efficiency ranges from 150 lm/W to 250 lm/W, the luminous efficiency of fluorescent lamps is about 50 lm/W to 80 lm/W, that of energy-saving lamps is about 30 lm/W to 60 lm/W, and that of incandescent lamps is about 10 lm/W. In addition, the service life of the power LED is much longer than that of incandescent lamps or fluorescent lamps, at over 50,000 operating hours.

Luminous flux of the various light sources in relation to power output

Luminous flux of the various light sources in relation to power output

It should be noted, however, that the service life of power LEDs depends very much on the junction temperature and thus on the current intensity, and the service life specifications of the various manufacturers are quite different. For example, some manufacturers specify the time at which the brightness has fallen to 70% of the initial brightness as the service life, while others specify the 50% value.

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Englisch: power LED
Updated at: 25.11.2021
#Words: 406
Links: light, power (P), luminous intensity, light emitting diode (LED), traffic
Translations: DE
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