Concentrated Photovoltaics (CPV) is a technology to improve the efficiency of solar cells
. This technology, which exists in several embodiments, concentrates the sunlight falling on the solar cell with lenses, whereby the solar cells receive a multiple of sunlight. Depending on the light concentration, a distinction is made between Low Concentration Photovoltaics (LCPV), Medium-CPV and High Concentration Photovoltaics
(HCPV). LCPV solar cells are the simplest designs. They operate with a light concentration equivalent to two to one hundred times normal solar radiation. Since light irradiation also generates heat, LCPV solar cells must also provide passive heat dissipation.