The principle of the Internet is based on network neutrality. This means that data packets are transmitted without discrimination. No data packets are favored or disfavored; instead, all data packets are treated completely equally, regardless of their content, the sending data source, or the receiving data sink.
With net neutrality, neither government agencies nor large corporations are given preference in data transmission. Moreover, every subscriber has equal access to the Internet for the transmission of his or her information. At least, that's what it said in the 2002 guidelines by Professor Tim Wu of Columbia University Law School.
The basic principle of net neutrality was later challenged by the Federal Communications Commission( FCC), at least for broadband Internet, because broadband Internet was classified as a utility and thus subject to regulation by the FCC. Due to the different services, quality of service requirements, different data rates, interactivity and, above all, delay times, the concept of network neutrality is no longer interpreted so stringently. It refers to a specific type of transmission. For example, to data transmission with the lowest delays, to streaming transmission or to mass data transmission. However, Internet service providers must ensure that they treat the categories neutrally.