Traffic management deals with control mechanisms for the optimal use of the existing traffic infrastructure. Traffic management is intended to regulate the flow of traffic in such a way that environmental pollution is reduced, traffic safety is increased and road users reach their destinations quickly and safely without restrictions.
In order to achieve these goals, traffic management is supported and controlled by telemetry systems, sensors, video surveillance, traffic signs, traffic lights and signals, control centers, communications technology and traffic information. These facilities are used for monitoring, observation, information and communication with vehicles and drivers.
As far as motor vehicles and their drivers are concerned, information and communication systems are increasingly intervening in traffic control; on the one hand with traffic information and GPS systems, and on the other hand through car-to-carcommunication( C2C) and car-to-infrastructure communication( C2I), which inform vehicle drivers about traffic jams, traffic accidents, black ice or road works. The traffic observers in the control centers take the necessary measures for traffic guidance and control.
In current traffic management concepts, all road users pedestrians, cyclists and scooter riders, motorcycles, motor vehicles and public transport are fully integrated.