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short interframe space (802.11) (SIFS)

The Short Interframe Space (SIFS) is a time interval that is used in the CSMA/ CA procedure and in 802.11. SIFS is used to insert a safety distance between two transmission blocks so that they do not influence each other.

SIFS has the highest priority; a station with SIFS may transmit before all other stations. Typical SIFS intervals are 10 µs in the 2.4 GHz frequency band and 16 µs in the 5 GHz band.

Prioritization in WLANs using interframe spaces (IFS)

Prioritization in WLANs using interframe spaces (IFS)

SIFS is used, for example, before acknowledging a received data frame with the acknowledgement flag( ACK), as well as before sending the ready to transmit( CTS) as confirmation of a request to transmit( RTS) or before transmitting the following fragments. To improve the data rate, the WLAN standard802.11n also offers Reduced Interframe Space( RIFS), which is only 2 µs. If no station has the SIFS authorization, the station with the slightly longer PIFS starts, followed by the one with the Arbitrated Interframe Space( AIFS).

Englisch: short interframe space (802.11) - SIFS
Updated at: 06.05.2014
#Words: 159
Links: carrier sense multiple access (CSMA), contingency analysis (CA), procedure, transmission, priority
Translations: DE

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