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Robots are program-controlled machines for handling without human intervention. The robots are controlled by computers that interact with sensors

and other recognition elements, movement, gripping, holding and processing organs. Robots can be classified according to their field of application, their tasks

and their size. For example, there are macro robots that are used in production with complicated processes or high precision and throughput requirements, others are used where dangerous objects are handled, such as in the protective chambers of research and industrial laboratories and in nuclear power plants. Still others are used in medicine in operating theatres or when working on very small objects, under water, in space or in high-bay warehouses, and still others show human-like behaviour.Industrial robots

, Photo: KUKA

, Photo: KUKA

Industrial or processing robots are reprogrammable machines that can move materials, parts or tools in a programmed manner and perform various tasks. These industrial processing robots are standardized by the International Standards Organization

(ISO) under ISO 8373 as industrial robots and are characterized by being versatile, automatically controlled and capable of moving in at least three axes.

Mona robot from Opel

Mona robot from Opel

Human-like robots walk on two legs, climb stairs, recognize people and objects, and respond to gestures. These robots are equipped with speech recognition

, can speak or repeat certain sentences and execute voice commands.An essential aspect in the classification of

robots is their way of acting, which is automated on the one hand, but can also be autonomous. This means that the robot has the ability to independently pursue goals and react to the unexpected. With microrobots, robot development is aimed at medical use for minimally invasive procedures.

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Englisch: robot
Updated at: 02.02.2021
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