electronic card of healthiness
The origins of the electronic health card date back to 1997. Later, a consortium, Better IT for Health (bIT4health), was formed to develop the framework.
In December 2006, the electronic health card (eGK) project initiated by the German Federal Ministry of Health (BMG) got off to a fresh start under time pressure. The eGK project envisages that health insurants, physicians in private practice, dentists, pharmacies and hospitals will use the electronic health card and communicate with health insurance companies via it.
The electronic health card is a smart card the size of an ID1 card. On the front is the processor with encryption functions, the cardholder's personal data, a label in Braille, a photo of the cardholder, and the uniform card and brand name. The back of the card contains the European Health Insurance Card( EHIC) with the signature field, the EU emblem and the state identifier, the identification number of the health insurance company, the personal identification number as part of the insured person's number and the card identification number.
The eGK card stores the cardholder's personal data as an HL7 document with the patient's master data and patient ID, address and birth data, the health insurance company and the family doctor. The total memory for various subdirectories is at least 34 KB.The various subdirectories store, among other things, the cardholder's master data, the cryptographic keys, emergency data and ID numbers that refer to data stored on specific servers. Electronic prescriptions(e-prescriptions) are stored in a subdirectory. In this directory, the doctor writes his prescriptions, which the pharmacist can read.
It is envisaged that the eGK card will be used in the electronic prescription management system for online verification of patient data and as a signature card for physicians, for example to be able to authenticate themselves at the reader for prescription generation.
The second version of the electronic health card (G2) uses an improved cryptographic process and supports emergency data management and a medication plan, among other things.