As can be seen from the term electromagnetic wave, these are waves that consist of a combination of electric and magnetic waves and are described by field strength vectors. The letter "B" represents the magnetic field, the letter "E" the electric field.
When capacitance and inductance are interconnected, electromagnetic waves occur whose electric and magnetic fields are perpendicular to each other. A special form of the electromagnetic wave is the transverse wave, the Transversal Electromagnetic Mode( TEM), which is formed in waveguides, among other things.
Electromagnetic waves are determined by their temporal and spatial propagation and by the period, frequency and wavelength. After they are detached from the antenna under certain conditions, they are radiated into space as free space waves from antennas. Detachment from the antenna occurs only when the characteristic impedance of the antenna is greater than the field characteristic impedance of 376 ohms (120 ohms x pi). In addition, the frequency of the carrier wave must be well above the audible range. The field wave propagates in free space at the speed of light.