Condition Monitoring (CM) stands for condition monitoring. It is a process used in automation, production and manufacturing technology to permanently monitor and analyze the condition of production equipment. Permanent condition monitoring during operation is used to detect wear or corrosion on machines in good time, to extend the service life
and to avoid costly production downtimes. Condition monitoring systems are independent monitoring systems with which plants are monitored during operation. The measurement data recorded by sensors and any feedback data from the actuators are analysed and evaluated by the CM system and conclusions are drawn about the condition of the machine. An alarm is triggered in the event of major deviations or if predefined limit values are exceeded. The measured data can be examined with regard to their noise or vibration spectrum, as signs of wear in particular are noticeable in the spectral distribution and amplitudes of
the spectral lines. Condition monitoring is also used in medical technology for preventive medical examinations, with which the state of health of patients is monitored and symptoms of illness are detected in good time. Such patient monitoring can take place in the context of telemedicine in the home environment as Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) or as remote monitoring using Remote Patient Monitoring (RPM) and can be monitored from monitoring stations or from hospitals.