The word bionics is a neologism of biology and technology. Bionics is an interdisciplinary science that deals with the structure and functioning of biological systems and draws conclusions from them that can be used in electronics
and informatiosn technology. In bionics, phenomena that occur in nature are analyzed and translated into technical processes and models. The findings from biological studies can be incorporated into information-processing and optical systems and into control systems. They range from the acquisition with sensors
and the data processing of biological data to the implementation and control of processes
. Bionics examples from electronics are the dye cell with its electrochemical conversion of light into electrical energy and the echo sounder as used by various animals.