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amplifier (AMP)

An amplifier(AMP) is an active quadripole with inputs and outputs. The input variable fed to it, which can be an input voltage, is increased by the amplifier by a certain gain factor and made available as an output variable. In all amplifiers, the amplification is frequency-dependent and causes a frequency response.

Generally, amplifiers work with active electronic components, with electron tubes, transistors, MOSFETs or other active components. Since they are used in different applications, their circuit design is adapted to the corresponding requirements. In this context, we speak of amplifier classes, which are identified by letters. In addition to the generally comparable amplifier classes, there are also manufacturer-specific amplifier classes.

Circuit symbols for the amplifier

Circuit symbols for the amplifier

Amplifiers are used wherever an attenuated signal level has to be matched, such as in transmission lines, receiving equipment, radios, cell phones, audio systems, etc. Depending on the application, amplifiers are divided into RF amplifiers, preamplifiers, IF amplifiers and power amplifiers. According to the circuit principle, a distinction is made between operational amplifiers, chopper amplifiers and differential amplifiers, and in terms of characteristics between linear amplifiers, logarithmic amplifiers, parametric amplifiers and summing amplifiers.

Important parameters of amplifiers include gain and frequency response, power output, efficiency, input imp edance and output impedance, linearity, and phase and group delay. In LANs, amplifiers are generally referred to as repeaters because they usually also perform regeneration functions.

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Englisch: amplifier - AMP
Updated at: 31.12.2021
#Words: 228
Links: asymmetric multiprocessing (AMP), active, voltage, gain factor, indium (In)
Translations: DE
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