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European academic and research network (EARN)

The EARN research network was launched in the early 1980s and was the European counterpart to BITNET. EARN is a computer network for universities and research institutions and, like Bitnet, whose European equivalent was Earn, operates with the IBM communication protocol NJE(Network Job Entry). This protocol is increasingly being replaced by OSI communication protocols. In 1988, approximately six to ten thousand systems were networked globally via both networks, of which 600 nodes were located in Europe (again, one- third of which were in Germany).

EARN connects the computers with leased lines (partly 64-kbit/s lines). A comparable institution in Germany is the DFN.

In October 1994, EARN and RARE merged to form a new organization: TERENA, Trans-European Research and Education Networking Association.

Englisch: European academic and research network - EARN
Updated at: 25.02.2005
#Words: 118
Links: network, because it's time network (BITNET), computer network, communication protocol, network job entry (NJE)
Translations: DE

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