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80386 processor

The 80386 was Intel's first 32-bit processor; it was commonly referred to as the "386". The superscalar microprocessor, which was specially developed for personal computers(PCs), was introduced in 1985 in the DX version with 16 MHzclock frequency, which was later increased over 20 MHz to 33 MHz.

At 16 MHz, the 80386 had a performance of 4 MIPS, which increased to 11.4 MIPS at 33 MHz. In addition, there was later also an AMD version of the 386 with a clock rate of 40 MHz.

The 386 was first available in a DX version with a 32-bit data bus, later in an SX version, which stands for Sixteen, for a front side bus of 16-bit bus width and an SL version.

The 80386DX is a true 32-bit processor with 32-bit data bus, 32-bit registers and 32-bit memory addressing over which a maximum memory capacity of 4 GB can be addressed.

80386SX as QFP package, photo: Intel

80386SX as QFP package, photo: Intel

Like the SX version, the 80386SL version supports a Front Side Bus( FSB) of 16 bits, works with an internal data bus of 32 bits, but also has a power saving function for use in portable PCs.

Wiring diagram of the 80386 DX

Wiring diagram of the 80386 DX

Like the 80286, the 80386 also knows Real Mode and Protected Mode. The first for the purpose of compatibility with DOS programs, the second with extended memory area. In addition, there is the Virtual Real Mode, an operating mode in which the 386DX works like several 8086s running simultaneously and supports operating systems running in parallel. Furthermore, in contrast to the 80286, it is possible to switch from one operating mode to the other during operation.

The 386 is built using CMOS technology, has 275,000 transistors and a 1 µm trace structure.

The 80386 was first used in Compaq computers, then later in PS/2 computers from IBM.

Englisch: 80386 processor
Updated at: 27.09.2006
#Words: 281
Links: processor, digital experience (DX), frequency (f), megahertz (MHz), performance
Translations: DE

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