The 8-bit code is based on the 7-bit code
, which has been extended to include language groups and is oriented towards world regions.Thus, with Latin 1, there are code elements
forthe Western European languages
, as well as for America, Australia and Africa. Latin 2 fulfils the requirements for the Eastern European languages. Furthermore, there are special code elements for the Hebrew, Cyrillic, Arabic or other languages. With the 8-bit code, the byte is the smallest representable unit.
With this coder 256 characters can be represented binary.