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4004

Historically, the Intel 4004 processor is the first central processing unit( CPU) designed as an integrated circuit( IC). It was introduced in 1971, consisted of 2,300 transistors, which corresponded to LSI technology, Large Scale Integration, and had an instruction set of 46 instructions.

An integrated circuit using the example of Intel's 4004 CPU from 1969.

An integrated circuit using the example of Intel's 4004 CPU from 1969.

The 4004 is a microprocessor with a data bus width of 4 bits and an address space of 12 bits, corresponding to a memory addressing area of 4 KB. The 4004 was clocked at 740 kHz and had a computing power of 60,000 4-bit instructions per second, equivalent to 0.06 MIPS. PMOS technology at the time was based on structure widths of 10 µm.

First Intel CPU 4004, photo: Intel

First Intel CPU 4004, photo: Intel

The 4004 chip was housed in a dual-inline package( DIP) with 16 pins. It was mainly used for control tasks due to its low computing speed.

The improved successor to the 4004 is the 4040.

Informations:
Englisch: 4004
Updated at: 27.09.2009
#Words: 138
Links: processor, central processing unit (CPU), central processing unit (CPU), integrated circuit (IC), identification code (IC)
Translations: DE
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